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Dr. Behroozan's Dermatology Blog

How a Dermatologist Can Help Combat Your Acne

No one is happy to have acne on their face. If you’re like most people, you wish it would go away and quickly. The good news is that acne can be treated, as long as you seek the right treatment for your type of acne.

The following information will help you understand your acne and how it can be treated by an experienced dermatologist.

What causes acne?

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. When this happens, individuals will experience issues such as whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples.

While teenagers are often the ones who suffer from this condition the most, it can happen to people of all ages.

Getting rid of acne is often difficult because most people don’t understand why it’s happening. Therefore, they can’t identify an effective solution. Here are the main four causes of acne. woman distressed about acne

  • Excess oil production
  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria
  • Inflammation

Acne can occur in various places of the body. It typically appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders. This is because these areas of the skin have the most oil glands. Attached to the oil glands are hair follicles. Sometimes, the follicle wall will bulge, thus creating a whitehead. Other times, the clog is open at the surface and darkens, creating a blackhead. When someone has a blackhead, this means that the pore is congested with bacteria and oil, causing the infected area to turn brown and darken once exposed to oxygen.

Is there anything that can worsen acne?

Yes. There are certain situations and lifestyles that can trigger or worsen your acne. Understanding what can affect your skin is the first step to improving it. Here are a few triggers to watch out for.

  • Hormonal Changes: One of the biggest influencers of acne is hormonal changes. Androgens are hormones that increase in both boys and girls during puberty. As a result, the sebaceous (oil) glands become enlarged and make more sebum. It’s important to also note that hormone changes, especially for women, during midlife can lead to increased breakouts.
  • Medications: Certain medications that contain corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium can lead to acne. If you are taking medication with any of these ingredients and find that you are having excessive acne, be sure to talk to your medical doctor about potentially switching medications.
  • Diet: Eating carbohydrate-rich foods such as bread and chips can increase your acne risk or worsen current acne.
  • Stress: While stress doesn’t directly cause acne, it can worsen if you already have it.

What are the symptoms of acne?

Individuals with acne may experience a variety of symptoms. The number of symptoms you experience will depend on the severity of your acne and what’s causing it. Acne symptoms may include the following:

  • Closed clogged pores (whiteheads)
  • Open clogged pores (blackheads)
  • Small, red, tender bumps
  • Large, solid, painful lumps under the skin
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps under the skin

How a Dermatologist can Help with Acne

There are various treatment options available for individuals living with acne.  An expert dermatologist, such as Dr. Behroozan, will identify your skin type, the underlying cause of your acne, and develop the best course of action. At The Dermatology Institute of Southern California, we pride ourselves on providing the latest acne treatment options for our patients.

We offer seven services that can reduce the appearance of existing acne and prevent new breakouts:


This is a minimally invasive skin treatment that involves the insertion of fine, short needles into the skin. The small wounds cause your body to produce more collagen and elastin, which helps your skin look more rejuvenated. Microneedling is an effective, relatively inexpensive cosmetic treatment that’s great for combating acne scars.


This is another minimally invasive procedure used to renew your skin tone and texture. Microdermabrasion uses a special applicator with an abrasive surface to gently remove the thick outer layer of the skin and rejuvenate it. This is an effective treatment option for those with skin issues including sun damage, scarring, and acne just to name a few.

Photodynamic Acne Treatment (PDT) Using Laevulin

Amino-Levuilinic is a high-grade serum applied to acne-prone areas of the face. After an hour, patients are positioned under a Blu-U Blue Light, which destroys acne-causing bacteria and shrinks pores. PDT is a highly effective treatment that rapidly treats a wide variety of acne such as whiteheads, blackheads, papular, and more. woman with beautiful skin looking in mirror


This is a facial treatment that uses a patented device to provide exfoliation, cleansing, extraction, and hydration to the face. A hydrafacial relies on a vortex swirling action to effectively remove dead skin, dirt, debris, and ultimately deliver hydration to the skin. These treatments are great for all skin types and can help improve skin that is prone to acne.


If you’re looking for an oral solution, Doxycycline is a great option. This is a commonly prescribed antibiotic that works great for acne-prone skin. Inflammation is a common cause of acne. This antibiotic works by killing off P.acnes (a result of extra oil), which helps to reduce inflammation.


This is another oral solution that is effective in treating mild and severe acne. Minocycline works by stopping bacteria and reduces inflammation.

Retin A

This is a topical treatment, which is a form of vitamin A. Retin A is a cream designed to decrease the number of pimples you develop and reduce acne-causing inflammation.

Acne can be a concerning issue for many, but it doesn’t have to be. If you have acne-prone skin or are currently suffering from an acne breakout, don’t rely on DIY methods to combat your condition. Instead, reach out to an expert dermatologist with experience and advanced tools available to help you experience your best skin yet.

The Dermatology Institute of Southern California offers a variety of treatment services to help patients combat acne. Contact us today if you’re ready to schedule an appointment and get your skin on the road to recovery.

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