As we prepare to enter the final stretch of the year, the weather begins to cool down, the streets become covered in leaves, and we start to see lots of pumpkin themed products all around. Fall has arrived!
With the change in the environment, certain cosmetic procedures begin to increase in popularity. Treatments that otherwise may have required a bit of extra planning and moving things around schedule-wise now become much easier to accommodate thanks to longer nights, cooler temperatures, and warmer clothing. Additionally, other treatments see a surge in numbers to ensure that our skin heals and looks its absolute best just in time for the holiday season, the beginning of the new year, and other big events composed of large gatherings and constant photo taking and video recordings.
No matter what the reason is, here are the top 4 procedures that are the most popular during the season of Autumn:
No matter what the concern you may have, odds are that there will be a laser available for you that can help. A consultation with a board-certified dermatologist, such as Dr. Daniel Behroozan, will allow you to determine which laser will best help you achieve your skin care goals.
Why treat your skin at this time of year?
Depending on the laser used or the condition treated, the healing process may vary between a couple of days to a couple weeks. One of the most important aspects of the healing phase is to limit sun exposure as much as possible. During the fall, days become shorter while night starts to set in earlier, which makes it a lot easier for some people to keep an eye on the amount of sun exposure they are getting. For example, since the sun starts to set a lot earlier, you may encounter a lot less sunshine while you are driving home from work as opposed to the summer, when the sun stays out quite late and can shine directly on you when you’re in the car. Sunscreen with SPF 30+ should always be worn no matter the time of the year that you receive a laser treatment.
Regardless of the laser or treated condition, the best results require no tanning. Skin should be at its normal complexion, and this is generally more feasible to obtain after the summer is over, as tanning is less prevalent in the fall.
Additionally, some lasers or conditions may require a series of treatments every couple of weeks instead of just one session. Many patients opt to start this process during autumn in order to ensure that the full series has enough time to be performed and healed before the later stages of winter and the holiday season.
Scars and stretch marks are some of the most difficult skin conditions to treat, and thus there are many options available. Lasers, microneedling, and injectable fillers are only some examples of treatment options that can address scars and stretch marks. It is very common for more than one treatment option to be combined in order to obtain the best cosmetic outcome for treating a scar/stretch marks. Multiple sessions over a long period of time are usually needed as well. The treatment plan that is selected varies depending on the kind of scar, the size, location, and how old the scar is. A board-certified physician like Dr. Daniel Behroozan will assist you in selecting the right treatment for you.
Why treat your skin at this time of year?
The earlier scars and stretch marks are treated, the better the results will be in reducing their appearance. As a result, treatment should be started as soon as possible. That being said, fall does have certain benefits that can assist with this. Like lasers, limiting sun exposure is critical – arguably even more so with scars. The decrease in sunlight during the fall and winter helps manage the amount of sun exposure you receive, which is especially important since the healing period can be lengthy depending on the scar/treatment used.
In addition, scars need to stay moisturized as well. It is a common belief that scars should be allowed to air out, but this is not the case. Dried out wounds can cause scabbing which can result in even more scarring. Moisturizing the scar ensures that the skin heals better, and the lower temperatures of the autumn time facilitate this as the skin does not dry out as fast. The warmer clothing that is common in the fall, such as tops with long sleeves and thicker fabrics, also help retain moisture, limit sun exposure, and avoid any outside irritation to the treated area, such as accidental bumping or scratching from objects.
Laser Hair Removal is composed of heat from a laser’s light being targeted onto the region that has unwanted body hair. The hair follicles in this area absorb the light, and the follicles are then destroyed in order to prevent hair from growing. Laser Hair Removal can be performed on almost any part of the body that has unwanted body hair you wish to address.
Why treat your skin at this time of year?
Laser Hair removal requires a series of treatments that will need to spaced out every few weeks. On the average, 4-6 treatments will be needed, but this varies depending on the treated area, amount of hair, skin tone, and other factors. Lots of patients prefer to start the treatment after summer in order to ensure that the entire session is completed in its entirety in time for the next spring season, and before shorter clothing starts to come back around.
While we’re on the subject of clothing – like the previous procedures mentioned above, the recovery process requires limited sun exposure as well. This is even easier to accommodate with Laser Hair Removal thanks to the cooler temperatures bringing about warmer clothing and outfits that expose less skin. A Laser Hair Removal series can be completed in its entirety without anyone ever knowing!
A Blood Facial is a microneedling treatment that has been combined with PRP (platelet rich plasma). This procedure starts off with your own blood being drawn from your body. The platelet rich plasma is then separated from the rest of the drawn blood using a centrifuge, and is then injected into areas of your face. Then, microneedling is performed on your face, which is composed of many tiny needles puncturing the skin. The Blood Facial helps rejuvenate the skin on the face, and can treat a multitude of conditions such fine lines and wrinkles, acne scars, age spots, skin tone evenness, and much more. The Blood Facial also has no downtime.
Why treat your skin at this time of year?
Like the other 3 procedures mentioned above, limiting sun exposure is vital during the aftercare of a Blood Facial. The autumn and winter seasons are great times for the Blood Facial due to the change in factors that allow for less sun exposure to the face (eg: most people do not go to the beach as frequently during this time, the sun begins to set by the time you get off work, etc). As always, sunscreen should always be worn no matter what time of year you receive any of these treatments.
Because this procedure is minimally invasive, the Blood Facial is a favorite of many patients since it allows one to obtain great results in a shorter time frame. This treatment becomes very popular right before the holiday season as well, as many patients report their skin having a bright, radiant, and glowing complexion after a Blood Facial. This makes the Blood Facial perfect to receive before the large family gatherings and end of the year work events that frequently take place at this time of year.
Speaking of holidays – there is a certain holiday that takes place in the autumn that is extremely popular. This particular holiday involves lots of pumpkins, candy, and people dressing up in costumes of scary figures like ghosts, zombies, and vampires.
Because of this holiday and its close connections with vampires, numerous patients who enjoy this particular October event LOVE to receive the Blood Facial during autumn to really get in the holiday spirit during this time (in addition to all the benefits this treatment provides, of course!)
All 4 of these procedures are offered by Dr. Behroozan at the Dermatology Institute of Southern California. You can select from one of two convenient locations in Beverly Hills and Santa Monica, and our team is always available to assist you with any questions or concerns you may have in regards to your skin care goals. We are just a quick message or phone call away!
As we get older, undereye circles are an extremely common occurrence among most people. This scenario is one that we all wish to correct, and is one of the main focal points of any skin care routine. However, the term “undereye circles” is often used as a catch-all phrase that is used to refer to specific variations that appear under the eyes. Those variations include:
Natural Pigmentation: Extra pigmentation around the eyes is very common, and is often a result of genetics and the natural aging process. This is especially common among individuals with darker skin tones compared to those with more fair complexions. One way to determine if dark circles are due to naturally occurring pigmentation is to take a finger and move the skin below the eye. If the color stays the same while the skin is moving, this is a sign of natural pigmentation. Inflammatory conditions such as rosacea and eczema can also cause extra pigmentation around the eyes even when these conditions are under control.
Puffy Eyelids: At times, the eyelids can get puffy and swollen, which then leads to the appearance of shadows under the eyes as a result. Reducing the swelling of the eyelids restores them to their natural size and thus diminishes the appearance of shadows. Structural puffiness can be a combination of fat herniation and skin laxity.
Bags Under Eyes: Sagging skin under the eyes can be often mistaken for skin pigmentation or puffy eyes. As we approach our late 20’s and early 30’s the production of collagen begins to slow down and the skin elasticity starts to diminish; as a result, the skin becomes looser and begins to hang. Certain treatments can tighten the skin in this area and restore some of the lost elasticity over time.
Sunken Skin: The skin located around the eyes is the thinnest on the body. As we get older, the skin gets thinner and causes the blood vessels in the area to become more visible, which can lead to blue and purple veins showing. Additionally, the volume loss can create a noticeable discrepancy between the skin connecting the eyes and the cheeks. Treatments that restore lose volume can create a more uniform appearance of the skin in this region.
Being able to address the main causes of this appearance is the key to treating it effectively. Otherwise, this can lead to actions that are counterproductive, and can be a waste of time, money, and energy. One example is using too much makeup to cover it, which leads to a caked on appearance, looks fake, and does very little to address the root of the problem. Here are 9 tips you can use to combat the appearance of undereye circles.
#1: Get Enough Sleep
One of the most common complaints about undereye circles is having a fatigued look and comments that you may look tired. This is because we actually ARE tired due to a lack of sleep. Not receiving enough sleep can cause venous congestion – or a collection of pooled up blood in the blood vessels around the eyes – and causes a puffy appearance. External factors such as times of stress, smoking, and natural genetics can exacerbate this even more. Ensuring that enough sleep is received the night before prevents the blood from pooling up in these areas, thus reducing the appearance of puffy eyes. They do call it “beauty sleep” for a reason!
One thing to note is that oversleeping can cause the appearance of puffy eyes as well. Achieving between 7-9 hours of sleep a night is recommended.
#2: No Eye Rubbing!
As tempting as it can be sometimes, rubbing your eyes is one of the worst things you can do. Because the skin in this area is thin, frequent rubbing of the eyes can cause the skin to become thicker and darker due to the body’s natural defense system. In addition to this, constant rubbing can cause other issues affecting this region such as bruising. It can be a tough habit to break, but rubbing eyes should be avoided. In the event of itchy or dry eyes, gentler methods such as eye drops are a less aggressive alternative.
#3: Stay Hydrated
Being dehydrated has multiple effects on the appearance of the skin around the eyes. Because the body is not receiving enough water, it leads to water retention which can cause swelling of the eyelids. This is usually at its worst in the morning after waking up and typically resolves around the afternoon thanks to the fluid draining with gravity and time. Additionally, the lack of hydration causes the skin to appear thinner and more hollow due to the lack of tissue between the skin and bone. This can cause the blood vessels below the skin to become more visible, and lead to a darker appearance in these areas. Hydrated skin is thicker and decreases visibility of the blood vessels, while also limiting swelling from water retention.
Drinking plenty of water throughout the day ensures that the skin is adequately hydrated. Eating foods with too much salt or consuming high amounts of alcohol can also cause dehydration. Limiting consumption of salty snacks and alcohol and drinking water before going to bed will help limit water retention in the morning. In the event that there is swelling in the eyes after waking up, applying a cold compress for 10 minutes can reduce the swelling buildup.
#4: Dermal Fillers
Injectable fillers are an excellent way to counteract sagginess. The fillers elevate the surrounding skin to match the skin levels in other areas, thus providing a smooth and uniform appearance. Sunken skin in the undereye region is plumped up, and can last many months to a couple years depending on the type used.
Some fillers such as Restylane contain hyaluronic acid, which is a naturally occurring substance in the skin that keeps the eye area hydrated and volumized. They are gradually absorbed by the body over time, but they are also reversible and can be dissolved by a special solution in certain situations. Dermal fillers are frequently used with a numbing agent in order to maximize comfort.
Fillers are not universal, and each person will require different amounts or types. Choosing the right type of filler with the right amount requires a board certified physician with an adequate understanding of the facial anatomy, and proper analysis of your unique facial structure and facial movements. Fillers injected by someone without the adequate experience can lead to unfavorable results, and possibly other serious complications.
Dermal fillers are frequently combined with certain laser procedures, which can help dramatically improve the appearance of visible blood vessels that are showing through the skin. In addition, lasers can help the formation of new collagen, and lighten the skin tone to provide an even complexion across the face.
#5: Sun Protection
Unprotected sun exposure over time not only leads to sun damage, possible skin cancer, and discoloration, but can speed up the formation of wrinkles as well. Because the skin around the eyes is very thin, this area is more susceptible to wrinkles and damage from the sun. Limiting sun exposure to this area by wearing sunglasses is one of the best ways to protect the delicate skin around the eyes. Additionally, the use of sunscreen can help block the harmful effects from the sun’s UV rays as well. Wearing sunscreen with a SPF 30 or higher while outside, especially between the hours of 10AM and 4PM, is critical. Be sure to reapply the sunscreen every 2 hours as well.
#6: Chemical Peels
Light chemical peels that contain hydroquinone, retinoic acid, or glycolic acid, can be used to slightly brighten up the dark pigments under the eyes. While natural pigmentation around the eye region is normal, a light chemical peel can diminish the variance in color to provide a more consistent complexion across the face.
#7: Eye Serums & Creams
Overnight skin care is imperative, and must be done consistently on a nightly basis in order to yield results. Applying these before bedtime helps keep eyes moisturized while sleeping. This can minimize the discolorations that are associated with tired eyes. These products are often also mixed with peptides and antioxidants to reduce puffiness and reduce the amount of pooled blood around the eyes.
An effective skin care regimen should include special topical creams specially designed for application around the undereye region. Regular moisturizer for general use around the face is a bit too strong for the undereyes due to the skin’s thinness, and this region can only absorb a certain amount of the product. The excess product then sits and can potentially get into the eye via the blinking of the eyelashes. This can lead to irritation, puffiness, and swelling. Eye moisturizers are lighter and are designed to be absorbed fully.
As you may know, there are tons of products on the market. Many are designed to treat specific issues, and others are simply not as effective as others. It can be overwhelming for those who are new, but is totally manageable as long as you know what types of products you are looking for.
Applying products with hyaluronic acid, ceramides, and peptides facilitate hydration, and stimulate collagen/elastin production
Vasoconstriction from products with caffeine can reduce puffiness, and cooling products can help reduce inflammation and promote blood flow
Finally, how you apply the products is just as important as the kind of products you purchase. To apply these with the least amount of pressure to the eyes – use the ring finger (this finger is the weakest of the others), and dot the product starting from the inner corner of the eye and moving outwards toward the temple area.
Seasonal allergies trigger the release of histamines. These can cause swelling and inflamed blood vessels and can lead to other indirect issues such as rubbing the eyes due to itching and dryness. The simple use of over the counter antihistamine medications can help manage the dark circles that appear under the eyes, in addition to directly treating the allergy symptoms.
#9: Cucumber Slices
Placing cucumber slices over the eyes is a beauty technique that has been used for centuries. Multiple studies have been performed over the years, and they have shown that the juice of the cucumber can reduce swelling, relieve skin that has been damaged, and increase the level of antioxidant activity. In addition, cucumbers are naturally rich in Vitamin C which helps the development of new cells. Due to the high amount of water content in cucumbers, it also helps serve as a moisturizer for the eyes.
Before placing these over the eyes, be sure to chill the cucumbers in the refrigerator ahead of time. The skin should be clean and dry before application. The cucumber slices should be about half an inch thick, and it is advised to peel the skin off of the cucumber first to remove any pesticides.
There’s nothing quite like enjoying a bright sunny day outdoors with family & friends – whether it’s soaking up some rays at the beach, riding roller coasters at an amusement park during the summer, or even just going on a walk with your pet on a nice afternoon.
Whatever the activity is, it is crucial to remember that exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can lead to adverse effects on our skin. Leaving our skin unprotected against the sun can not only lead to short-term problems such as sunburn, but can also lead to the development of long-term problems later on such as skin cancer.
Skin Cancer is the most common form of cancer in the US, with over 5 million new cases diagnosed each year, and approximately 50% of all new cancer diagnoses. It can take as little as 15 minutes of unprotected sun exposure to cause lasting damage to the skin. This unprotected exposure is the cause of more than 90% of all skin cancer cases. In addition to the sun, other sources of UV rays such as tanning booths and sun lamps can also lead to the development of skin cancer.
UV radiation is normally at its strongest between the hours of 10AM and 4PM. Areas such as the beach are especially important to note, as areas with sand, water, or snow reflect sunlight and increase the amount of UV light you are exposed to.
The good news however, is that there are a few easy steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing this condition in the first place.
One of the most basic steps to take is to limit the amount of exposure you receive while you are outdoors by staying in shaded areas. UV rays still reach your skin even on days that are cloudy, and some people do receive sunburns due to the assumption that the weather is not hot enough to require skin protection. Wherever possible, opting to shield yourself by remaining in the shade is a good first step to take to limit your exposure to UV rays.
Sunscreen is an imperative precaution measure to take when it comes to protecting our skin. Sunscreen comes in many different forms such as lotions, sprays, balms, etc. Using broad spectrum, water resistant sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) rating of 30+ is highly recommended. A sunscreen with a rating of SPF 30 filters out 97% of UV rays.
For your convenience, Dr. Behroozan has sunscreen available in our e-store. Our sunscreen is chemical free, PABA free, and noncomedogenic.
Wearing adequate clothing during sunshine is another simple, but effective measure to take. Wearing sunglasses not only protects the delicate skin around our eyes, but also reduces your risk of developing certain eye diseases as well. While ordinary sunglasses block around 70% of UV rays, specially marked pairs of sunglasses are also available that are designated as UV Protective. These pairs block 99% of UV light, so it is good to keep a lookout for sunglasses with this designation.
The earlier skin cancer is detected, the sooner you are able to treat it – and thus, a higher chance of success. Performing a self skin check by looking around your body for any new moles, or changes in existing moles, is a key way to get ahead of any problems. In the event that you notice something new on your skin that may be cause for concern, professional skin checks by dermatologists are also available. A professional skin check is a brief ~15 minute visit that includes a full head-to-toe examination by a licensed physician. Your dermatologist can answer any questions and clear up any concerns you may have, and also has the ability of conducting a biopsy on anything that may be potentially cancerous.
It is highly recommended to have a professional skin check at least once every year (for patients with a medical or family history of skin cancer, twice a year is advised).
Contact us today and meet with California’s leading dermatologists in the treatment of skin cancer. Find us in your preferred location of either Santa Monica or Beverly Hills, and let our experts conduct a professional skin check to ensure your skin is in outstanding condition!
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